The Dutch 17th century is a famous period in the history of art because of its prolific production of art. It is not withouth reason that the century is called the ‘Golden Age’ as the small country lived through one of its economic and cultural heydays. Art was booming and while the towns were trading and growing, people felt more and more proud and appreciative of their countryside. Dutch landscape painting developed, for the first time, into a popular genre, which it still is today.
the countryside of The Netherlands
The Netherlands, where I was born and grew up, is very flat indeed. Most of the land is below sea level (protected from flooding by impressive waterworks, dykes, barriers and delta works, but that is a topic for a different blog) and some of its land is reclaimed from the sea. The Dutch landscape is full of water and sky. Polders are intersected by drainage canals, and major rivers such as the Rhine and the Meuse amongst many others, define the landscape.
It is no surprise therefore that many landscape paintings show water, ships and a lot of sky. The ‘big skies’ of The Netherlands feature in many landscape paintings. There is something about this light coming from this usually grey and cloudy Dutch sky. Many painters try to catch it.
Over the course of the early 17th century Landscape painting became a major genre in Dutch art. Although many still life and every-day scene (called 'genre') paintings were full of symbolic meaning, landscapes were often painted for the sheer joy of it. A national pride as well as some escapism from ever-expanding city life was no doubt part of the reason for the popularity of Dutch landscape paintings.
Artists such Hendrick Avercamp, Jan van Goyen, Meindert Hobbema, Jacob van Ruisdael are household names for everyone with even the slightest interest in art in The Netherlands. Many cookie jars and tea towels will have been sold of Ruisdael’s Mill at Wijk bij Duurstde (a town in the centre of The Netherlands) or Hobbema’s little lane in Middelharnis (a village in Zeeland, near the west coast).
So let’s take a break and go for a wander into the atmospheric woods, the wide open polders and the busy waterways of The Netherlands
You can click the images for an enlargement
I hope you enjoyed our little outing!
Video series on Dutch Seascape painter Adriaen van de Velde
elsewhere on the Blog
Beautiful book featuring Sophie’s lace paintings
on the Blog